The Application of Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average Generalized Autoregressive Conditional Heteroscedastic (Arima - Garch)

Case Study: Average National Retail Price for Rice in January 2007 - December 2017

  • Pardomuan Robinson Sihombing bps
  • Oki Prasetia Hendarsin BPS-Statistic Indonesia
  • Sarah Sholikhatun Risma BPS-Statistic Indonesia
  • Bekti Endar Susilowati BPS-Statistic Indonesia

Abstract

Rice farming for Indonesia is vital. Rice farming is inseparable from the fact that rice farming is the livelihood of most of the population, while rice is the staple food of almost all Indonesians. The nature of rice that is easy to process and, following the public consumption culture, causes a very high dependence on rice. On the other hand, the price of rice is quite volatile. If the price of rice is soaring high, it can cause changes in the pattern of rice consumption. Some people want a stable supply and rice price, available at all times and evenly distributed and at affordable prices. Because the cost of rice is quite fluctuating, it is necessary to have a model that can be used to predict future rice prices so that the right policies can be implemented. Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average Model Generalized Autoregressive Conditional Heteroscedastic (ARIMA-GARCH) is a useful model for evaluating and predicting price fluctuations. This model's application is implemented in the national average retail rice price data between January 2007 and December 2017. In this study, rice data in the study period was not stationary at the level so that differentiating was carried out in the data. The best model is ARIMA (1,1,2) and Garch model (2,0). In this model, the data has complied with the white noise assumption, and the resulting GARCH model is free from the heteroscedasticity assumption

Published
Dec 30, 2020
How to Cite
SIHOMBING, Pardomuan Robinson et al. The Application of Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average Generalized Autoregressive Conditional Heteroscedastic (Arima - Garch). LOMBOK JOURNAL OF SCIENCE, [S.l.], v. 2, n. 3, p. 8-15, dec. 2020. Available at: <http://e-journal.unizar.ac.id/index.php/mathscience/article/view/315>. Date accessed: 27 jan. 2021.